To avoid failures and faulty functions in the product caused by static electricity everybody who handles the product must take proper precautions. To be certain that the used protection devices indeed function in the expected way, they must be checked on a regular basis. The protection device recommended is a wrist wrap. Wrist wrap is a device where are at least following parts; a wrist "bracelet", a wire and a connector. Itīs purpose is to connect the person handling the electrical devices and the electrical device itself in the same electrical potential, so that ESD phenomenaīs can be avoided.
What is ESD?
The phenomena of Electro Static Discharge (ESD) has been around since time began. We occasionally feel the effects of such a discharge when we receive a slight shock after touching the metallic doorknob or the metallic handle of an automobile. We first learn about electrostatics in basic physics back in high school or earlier, and we observe ESD on a gigantic scale when lightning strikes occur during thunderstorms. About 5-10 years ago, the major cause of IC (integrated circuit) failures was Electrical Over Stress (EOS), which results in gross damage to the internal metallic structure of the integrated circuitīs.
If electrical devices are not handled properly, you might damage them by giving it small "lightning" even though you do not notice anything or can see any physical damage. Therefore it is recommended that use professional person in order to upgrade your chip. If you want to do it by yourself, follow the instructions so you do not them harm the PCB.
Chip upgrade procedure:
1. Be sure that you have the equipment and other stuff needed.
- You will need a soldering iron and the tip of the iron can not be very big.
- You will need solder wire (the thinner, the better)
- Solder wick, the thinner the better, for example 1.5mm (0.060"). There are 1.5 meter (5 feet) in each package, at least two-three are needed. Solder wick is used for unsoldering the integrated circuit.
- Wrist wrap.
- All of these equipment can be bought from almost any shops who sell electrical components and equipment (Radio Shack etc.)
2. Be sure that the ignition key is OFF and remove the motronic unit located behind the right front loudspeaker.
3. Put the motronic unit to the table so that the connector end is towards you and you can see the "MOTRONIC" label.
4. The upper connector (on that side where the "MOTRONIC" label is) is the "transmission connector" and the lower one is the "engine connector". Put the wrist wrap on your wrist and connect the other end to the lower connectorīs ("engine connector") pin number 19 (which is ground, other ground pinīs are 5, 6 and 23). There are 35 pinīs in the "engine connector". Ground pinīs are 5, 6, 19 and 23. Pin number 1 is on the right side of the upper row and 18 is the left side of the upper row. Pin number 19 is the right side of the lower row and pin number 35 is the left one of the lower row. Follow up all the time that the wrist wrap is connected.
5. NOTE! The Motronic unit case (light alloy) is not grounded so it does not help if you connect the wrist wrap to the Motronic unit case.
6. Open the lid. The one to be opened is the one "MOTRONIC" label on it. There are 9 small metal clamps on the lid. Three of them on the connector side, two on each side and two on the back. Use screwdriver in order to remove the lid. Do NOT bend the clamps, just put screwdriver under the right clamp and lift it a bit. There should now be a small opening between the lid and the motronic unit case. Put the screw driver in the middle, lift a bit and then to left and lift it then carefully on the both aside and then the lid can be taken away.
7. Open the screws (four of them), remove the rubber cap in the middle of the PCB (printed circuit board) and remove the white Teflon shield.
8. Lift the PCB from the non-connector end a bit and push the connector so you can open the motronic unit like a book. Those two PCBīs are connected together by using a flat cable, do not damage it.
9. Now you have a possibility (if you want) to connect the wrist wrap to other ground point inside the motronic unit. There are few cylinder shape electrolytical capacitor in horizontal position in the PCBīs. The ground can be found from the other end of the capacitorīs (opposite + -marking). Wrist wrap can be connected there.
10. Find out the correct EPROM to be changed.
- If you have four EPROM in your PCB, the one to be changed is the "S723".
- If you have two EPROM in your PCB, the one to be changed is the "S722".
- If you have one EPROM in your PCB, the one to be changed is the "S720".
11. When you are sure that you have located the correct EPROM, make a note which way around it is. There is a small dent on the other side of the EPROM in the middle and that shows on which end is the pin number 1. You can also notice a silk-screen printed on the PCB, the thick white line under the EPROM tells the polarization of the EPROM. When installing a new chip, the thick silk-screen and the dent in the EPROM must be on the same side. Turn the PCB and find out the pinīs belonging to the EPROM you have to change. And when you are sure that you have located the correct pins, the unsoldering can be started.
12. Take the soldering iron, clean the solder tip and resolder the EPROM pins (on that side of the PCB where is no components) by using little amount of thin solder wire. This helps when removing of the solder starts.
13. Take the solder wick and start to remove solder by using solder wick. If the solder does not come out easily in the first time, resolder it and try again. Remove the solder as well as you can. If the solder has been removed properly, you should see through the hole.
14. When all the solder have been removed from viaīs, turn the PCB (open it like a book) other way around. Now it is time to remove the solder from the other side (component side). One does not always manage to remove all the solder from the bottom, so rest of the solder must be removed from the component side. Take the solder wick and remove the solder. Be careful and do not harm those plastic capacitor standing in vertical position.
15. When all the solder have been removed, move those pins carefully sideways by using for example screwdriver.
16. DO NOT TRY TO LIFT THE EPROM BY USING FORCE, it might damage the PCB. Push and pull the EPROM sideways two times, it cause less damage than trying to lift it by using force.
17. If the instructions have been followed, the EPROM can now be taken away without using any force.
18. Install the socket right way around (there should be a dent, hole or other kind of marking in the socket which tells the polarization of the socket). It does not make any difference which way around the socket is soldered but it is easier to remember which way around the EPROM should be installed. Solder the socket. It is easier if you solder first one corner pin and then the pin on the opposite corner. Then it is easy to solder the rest of the pins.
the new chip to the socket. MAKE SURE THAT IT IS RIGHT WAY AROUND.
20. Put the PCB on itīs place, screw the screws back, install the rubber cap and the white Teflon shield.
21. Install the lid.
22. Install the Motronic unit back to your car (make sure that the ignition key is OFF) and ENJOY.